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of Jean-Philippe Rameau, in Dijon. He is christened on September
25, in the collegiate Saint-Etienne.
His parents are Jean Rameau and Claudine Demartinécourt. Jean
Rameau is the organist at several churches in Dijon. His wife is
the daughter of a notary and belongs to the lesser nobility. Jean-Philippe
is the seventh out of eleven children. The first four were
daughters, the fifth a son, then came another dauther and then
came only boys. The last but one being Claude, the organist and
father of the famous "Rameau's Nephew".
Rameau taught music to all his children. Besides Jean-Philippe
and Claude who were musicians, Maret mentioned Catherine Rameau,
who was an excellent harpsichord players and teacher in Dijon.
regards Jean-Philippe's childhood, it is said that he knew his
notes before he could read.
Louis XIV moves to Versailles.
Birth of Watteau. Death of Corneille.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Birth of Bach, Händel & Domenico Scarlatti.
First sonatas in trio by Corelli.
Death of Lully.
Charpentier, Te Deum.
studies in the Jesuit College des Godrans (now the city-library
- see picture). His parents hope to see
him enter the magistracy.
distinguished himself by a remarkable quick-wittedness, but during
the classes he used to sing or compose music."
This description by Père Gauthier, a schoolfellow
of Rameau, was collected by Maret. In fact, Rameau's performances
in school are so deplorable that the fathers ask Jean Rameau
to take him away.
Campra, L'Europe Galante.
has made up his mind that he want to be a musician. He went and
stayed three months in Milano. Later, he said he regretted
not to have stayed longer in Italy "where he might have perfected
Little later we find him "first fiddle" in a troupe
of travelling Milanese artists (Marseille, Lyon, Nîmes, Albi,
Montpellier, a certain Lacroix teaches him the "octave rule"
for realizing figured bass. According to Maret, Rameau was never
taught composition, apart of the lessons given to him by his father.
Marais, Premier livre de viole.
Beginning of the Succession war of Spain (the war lasted until
January to April, Rameau is engaged as temporary organist
at Notre-Dame des Doms in Avignon, pending the arrival of the
appointee : Gilles.
May he is in Clermont where he signs a six-years agreement to
serve the cathedral chapter as organist.
Rameau composes his first cantatas.
Raguenet published Parallèle
des Italiens et des Français en ce qui regarde la Musique et les
Opéras (Parallele between the
Italian and French people as regards Music and operas)
Louis Marchand, two Harpsichord Books.
Galland translates The
Arabian Night .to french.
Clérambault, Harpsichord Book.
Le Cerf de la Viéville,
Comparaison de la musique italienne et de la Musique française
the full-term of the contract with Clermont was not reached for
we find Rameau in Paris.
J.-Philippe is appointed organ-player at the Jesuit Collège
Louis-le-Grand, in the rue Saint-Jacques, and at the Fathers of
Mercy's, rue du Chaume. Jean-Philippe is in touch with Louis Marchand,
the first French organist of his time.
September, J.-Philippe competes for the organ of La Madeleine
en Cité, obtains it, but never takes up the post. Probably not
to have to give up his two other organs.
Book of Pieces for Harpsichord.
leaves Paris around 1708, and moves a lot : Dijon, Clermont,
Lyon, and Clermont again. We have little
information about these years.
Marin Marais, Alcyone.
Death of Pachelbel.
first trip to Italy.
Due"t by Rameau is published in the collection of
Airs sérieux et à boire, by
de la Flute Traversière / Principles of the Transversal Flute.
E. Jacquet de la Guerre, Suites.
27 March 1709, Rameau signs an agreement with the council of Notre-Dame
at Dijon, where he succeeds his father. He stays in Dijon
until 1713. The contract was of six years, but once again, Jean-Philippe
left before the end.
Birth of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
is "maitre-organiste" (Organ master) at Lyon, at the
Several of the grands motets are dated from his stay in Lyon :
Deus Noster Refugium, Quam
dilecta, as well as the lost Exultet
Coelum laudibus. And possibly the lost cantatas Médée
Birth of Diderot.
Death of Corelli.
François Couperin, Premier livre de Pièces
Bach, French Suites (1713-1717).
Discovery of Herculanum.
December, death of Jean Rameau, the father. Jean-Philippe goes
to Dijon where he stays until his brother's wedding.
Great Nights in Sceaux.
Birth of Gluck.
Wedding of Claude Rameau, Jean-Philippe's young brother.
1st April, Rameau is appointed again by the Chapter of the Cathedral
of Clermont. He stays there until his departure to Paris in 1722.
He had signed a contract for 29 years.
Maret place there an amusing anecdote about the mean Rameau employed
to conquest his freedom. Rameau wanted to go, but the Chapter
wanted him to stay, so, in occasion of a mass, he put all
his art in producing the most awful music he could, pulling
out the most unpleasing stops and adding all the possible
discords. It was so unbearable that they asked him to stop playing.
The chapter reproved him, but he said that he would never play
otherwise as long as his freedom was refused to him. And they
let him go.
A similar anecdote regarding his brother Claude is also reported.
cantatas Aquilon et Orithie,
Téthis & L'Impatience
probably composed in these period.
this stay in Clermont, Rameau deepens his theoretical knowledge
and his reflexions on music, and elaborates the theories he'll
publish some years later, at his arrival in Paris.
Death of Louis XIV. Regency
of the Duke of Orléans .
Couperin, Les Goûts réunis.
Deus Noster Refugium.
livre de clavecin.
Couperin, L'Art de
toucher au clavecin.
Marais, Quatrième livre de viole.
Birth of d'Alembert.
Watteau, Embarquement pour Cythère.
Dandrieu, Principes de l'accompagnement
Benedetto Marcello, Il
Teatro alla Moda.
Les Amants trahis &
Peter the Great, tsar of Russia.
Death of Watteau.
Montesquieu, Lettres Persanes.
Les Eléments, Destouches &
moves to Paris at the end of this year or at the beginning of
1723, and will live there until his death.
He earns his living by teaching harpsichord playing and composition.
He also contributes to the Fair theatre provinding music
for Piron's sketches.
Publication of the Treatise on Harmony
reduced to its natural Principles. This book
contains the score of Rameau's Laboravi,
a movement he probably extracted from a grand motet. This treatise
earns him the reputation of learned theoretician.
J.-S. Bach, The
Couperin, Troisième livre de clavecin.
on a libretto by Piron, is given on 8 February with a "morceau
mis en haute musique".
France : Death of the Regent.
Campra enters the Royal Chapel.
Colin de Blamont, Les Fêtes Grecques
livre de pièces pour clavecin,
prefaced with Méthode de la Mécanique
Fair theatre gives dances by Louisiana Indians under the title
Les Sauvages. Rameau composes
Louis XV marries Marie Leczinska.
Philidor creates Le Concert Spirituel.
Death of d'Alessandro Scarlatti.
25 February, Rameau marries Marie-Louise Mangot. Her father, Jacques,
is a King's musician ("Symphoniste du Roi") and her
mother a woman dancer. Marie-Louise is 19 and musician
and singer. She is described as having distinguished manners,
a good upbringing, a gift for music, a very pleasing voice and
a good taste in singing.
union seems to have been happy. They had four children :
2 boys and 2 girls.)
family lives in rue des Petits-Champs.
Rameau publishes Nouveau Système de Musique
He composes L'Enrôlement
d'Arlequin, & La Robe
de Dissension, for the Fair Theatre, on librettos by
In this years (at least before 1727), Rameau is introduced, probably
by Piron, to his future sponsor, Alexandre le Riche de La Pouplinière.
Death of Delalande.
Rebel & Francoeur, Pyrame et Thisbé.
Vivaldi, Four Seasons.
of Rameau's first child, Claude-François, christened on
8 August at St. Germain l'Auxerrois.
Rameau is organ-player at the Church Ste-Croix de la Bretonnerie.
He'll keep the place at least until 1738.
He competes for the organ of Saint Paul but is beaten by Daquin.
25 October, Rameau, who wants to compose operas, write a letter
to Houdar de la Motte, the most famous librettist of the time
in France to ask him for a libretto (Lettre
à Houdar de la Motte). We don't know wether La Motte replied
or not, but he didn't provide any libretto.
Aquilon et Orithie,
Thétis, Le Berger fidèle,
Suites de Pièces pour Clavecin
thesis by Tobias Westbladh from the University of Upsalla
is the first scholar work referring to Rameau's theories.
England ; Georges II accesses
to the throne. Händel composes the Coronation
In Russia, Peter II succeeds Catherine
second thesis related to Rameau's theories is defended by
Antonius Löfgrön, of the Universtity of Upsalla.
livre de Pièces de Clavecin.
Marivaux, Le Jeu de l'Amour et du hasard.
Goldoni, Don Juan.
is appointed conductor of La Pouplinière's private orchestra.
Abbé Prévost, Manon Lescault.
meets the Abbé Joseph-Simon Pellegrin, future librettist of Hippolyte
et Aricie, at La Pouplinière's.
Dissertation sur les différentes méthodes
Rameau is appointed organ-player at la Bretonnerie.
Birth of Rameau's second child, Marie-Louise, christened
on 15 November.
The family lives now rue du Chantre.
appearance of Rameau's name in a dictionary, the Musicalisches
Lexicon oder Musicalische Bibliothec von Johann Gottfried
of Louis Marchand.
Birth of Haydn.
Titon du Tillet publishes Le Parnasse
François, an homage to the musicians of Louis XIV's
time. Additions are published in 1743 et 1755.
on a libretto by Pellegrin, is given privately by La Pouplinière's
orchestra and singers at his house in rue Neuve des Petits-Champs,
in March or April.
By July it is being rehearsed at the Royal Academy of Music
(in other words the Opéra), and the first public performance is
given on October 1.
Rameau is fifty.
This work initiates the great quarrel between the Lullists and
the Ramistes (in other terms, between the Ancient and Modern)
At the end of the year, Rameau and Voltaire begin to work together
at the tragedy Samson
Succession War of Poland.
Death of François Couperin.
Pergolesi, La Serva Padrona.
Bach, Bminor Mass.
Voltaire, Lettres Philosophiques,
Courses de Tempé,
for the Fair Theatre. On a libretto by Piron.
et Aricie is performed in Dijon.
Tartini, Violin Sonatas, op. 1.
Bach, Christmas Oratorio.
ballet héroïque on a libretto by Louis Fuzelier.
settles down at the Hôtel d'Effiat, rue des Bons Enfans,
n° 21 (near the Palais Royal), where he stays until 1744
(the house was standing till recent time but was pulled down for
the opening of the rue du Colonel Driant).
Aubert, First French
book of Violin Concerti.
Dom Calmet, Histoire naturelle.
composed by Rameau on a libretto by Voltaire is censored (libretto).
Pollux, tragédie lyrique, on a libretto by Bernard,
is performed at Versailles.
"Rameau, famous musician, who already composed three
operas, has just given the fourth one, called Castor &
Pollux. This opera had little success and was pretext to the following
verses, which were not written by a poet, but by a gentleman :
Against moderne music
Here is my last reply :
If difficult is beautiful,
Rameau is a great man ;
But, if, by chance, beautiful
is only what is simply natural,
And depicted the same way,
Rameau is a stupid man.
Mémoires du duc de Luynes, 25 novembre 1736.
Rameau opens his School of Composition (Ecole
de Composition - cf.
Cartaud de la Vilate, Essai
historique et philosophique sur le goust (Historical
and philosophical essay on Taste), Amsterdam.
Death of Pergolesi.
Death of Caldara.
tragédie lyrique, at the Académie Royale..
Rameau publishes La Génération Harmonique.
publishes Observations sur les Ecrit modernes
in which he condemns Rameau's Génération
As a response to Desfontaines, Thérèse des
Hayes (Mrs La Pouplinière), Rameau's pupil, publishes "Etude
sur la Génération Harmonique de Rameau" (Study on
Rameau's Génération Harmonique), in Le Pour
et le Contre, a magazine headed by Abbé Prévost.
(see text in French).
Construction of Theatre San Carlo in Naples.
Campra, Second livre de motets à grand choeur.
Linné publishes Classification des végétaux.
leaves the organ of La Bretonnerie.
End of the Succession War of Poland.
ballet in 3 acts.
Dardanus, tragédie lyrique.
Dupré is appointed maître de
ballet at the Opéra.
De Brosses, Lettres d'Italie.
of Rameau's third child, Alexandre, who will die very young.
Opening of the Succession of Austria.
France breaks with England.
his last opera.
Pièces de clavecin en
Death of Vivaldi.
Bach, Variations Goldberg.
30 January 1742 - Les
Amours de Ragonde by Jean-Joseph Mouret, is revived by
Académie Royale de Musique, nearly 30 years after the creation
at Sceaux (1714).
and his family moves from the Hôtel d'Effiat, to rue Saint-Thomas
Birth of Rameau's fourth child, a girl called Marie-Alexandrine.
Rameau composes Les Jardins de l'Hymen ou
La Rose, for the Fair.
Death of Campra.
Bach, The well-tempered Clavier - second
is appointed Compositeur de la Musique du Cabinet du Roi, and
given a pension of 2000 pounds.
this date, Rameau's address mentioned on various publications
is rue Saint Honoré, "vis à vis le caffé
Dupuis" or "proche le Palais Royal".
Rameau begins to work on more frivolous work, like opera-ballets
de Navarre, divertissement composed by Rameau to accompany
Voltaire's play, performed in Versailles.
"After diner, at about five, the King came at the Mr. Dauphins
and Mrs Dauphine's. The ballet was to begin at six. The lyrics
are by Voltaire & the music by Rameau ; the theme of
the play is the Princess of Navarre... The ballet ended only at
10 ; it is said the music was greatly approved."
Mémoires du Duc de Luynes, 24 February 1745.
Platée, comedy-ballet, Versailles.
Les Fêtes de Polymnie, ballet in 3 entrees and a prologue
on a libretto by Cahusac.
de la Gloire, an opera-ballet composed to celebrate
the victory of Fontenoy, is performed in Versailles, in the room
of the Small Stables.
performance and staging seem to me to have been approved. The
music is by Rameau ; several pieces were enjoyed ; and
the King himself, at his Great Diner, spoked about it before Rameau
saying he was pleased. The words are by Voltaire and were criticised
a lot. Voltaire too was at the King's diner, but the King said
nothing to him. The theme is the Temple of the Glory, where the
conquerers are not admitted on the title of their victories
only ; Belus, Bacchus are outcasted from it, & Trajan
is received in it for combining the greatest virtues with
the greatest exploits".
du Duc de Luynes, 30 November 1745.
Louis XV declares war on England and Austria.
Temple de la Gloire,
reworked (3 entrees and a prologue) is performed at the Royal
Academy of Music.
Rameau and his family move to rue de Richelieu, "vis à
vis la bibliothèque du Roi", which was La Pouplinière's
hôtel. He must have kept the rue Saint Honoré address.
Fêtes de l'Hymen et de l'Amour,
ballet in 3 entries and a prologue.
words are by M. Cahusac & the music by Rameau ;
it was titled The Gods of Egypt, but the name was changed
and it was named Les Fêtes de l'Hymen et de l'Amour. Rameau's
music has generally a lot of supporters and one must recognize
that it is full of harmonies. Lully lovers think that Rameau is
sometimes strange, and that several of his works are in the Italian
manner : this is how the criticisers judged his past operas ;
nevertheless, one cannot help to think that he is one of the greatest
musicians we have. The opera given on last Wednesday was judged
according to those opposite feelings ; all the connoisseurs, and
Rameau himself, agree that the overture is not good, and he has
planned to compose a new one. But, there are some wonderful pieces
of music in it, a musette, a chorus which is strange but produces
a beautiful effect. The King seemed to be happy about it ;
he stopped on his way to speak to Rameau. He said that maybe he'll
have this opera performed again after Eastern."
du Duc de Luynes, 18 March 1745.
La Dauphine, piece for harpsichord.
heroic pastoral in a prologue & 4 acts.
Pygmalion, ballet in one act.
de l'Amour, ballet performed in Versailles.
past Wednesday the King visited for the first time the new opera
built in the Ambassadors' Stairs... On this day was performed
an opera or divertissement in three acts, composed on three
different themes, a prologue & two ballets, which lyrics are
by Sir Bernard, secretary of M. Marshall de Coigny from the dragons
and librarian at Choisy, and the music by Rameau. The prologue
is Le Retour d'Astrée ; they represented the
forges of Lemnos.
Madame Duchess of Brancas was Astrée ; Mr Duke d'Ayen,
Vulcain ; M. de la Salle, Time ; Mme Marchais, a Pleasure ;
The first ballet is entitled La Lyre enchantée. Madame
de Pompadour was Urania ; M. de la Salle, Linus, son of Apollo ;
Mme Marchais, Eros.
The second ballet was entitled Adonis.
Madame de Pompadour was Venus, and performed and sang everything
the best way ; Mme Marchais was Eros : Mme Duchess
of Brancas, Diana ; M. Duke of Ayen, Adonis ; M. vicount
of Rohan, a servant of Diana...
Between the grade and the stage is the orchestra, which is bigger
than the one of the small gallery, and can hold up to 40 persons.
The musicians and the public are comfortable, and one can hear,
from everywhere, easily the actors' voice......"
du duc de Luynes, 29 November 1748.
Treaty of d'Aix-la-Chapelle, ending
the Succession war of Austria (28 October).
Denis Diderot, Mémoire
sur différents sujets de mathématique, & Principes
généraux de la science des sons.
Monsieur & madame La Pouplinière separate. The concerts are
stopped. The performances will start again only in 1751.
Montesquieu, L'Esprit des lois.
David Hume, Essays on Philosophy.
Discovery of the ruins of Pompei.
heroic pastoral, work destined to celebrate the Peace of
Zoroastre, lyric tragedy - 5 December, Royal Academy
July, Rameau's Letter to M. de Ste Albine
Rameau gives the Academy of Sciences his Mémoire
où l'on expose les fondements d'un système de Musique théorique
where one explains the fundaments of theoretical and practical
He publishes it the year after under the title Démonstration
du Principe de l'Harmonie/Demonstration
of the principles of Harmony.
Fireworks, to celebrate the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle.
Birth of Goethe.
Bach, The Art of Fugue.
Buffon, Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme.
Diderot, Lettre sur les Aveugles - Letter
on the Blind.
Arrival of Baron Melchior Grimm
Démonstration du principe de l'harmonie.
Platée is performed again.
Death of Bach & Albinoni
Rousseau, Discours sur les Lettres et les
Arts - Speech on the Letters & Arts.
Release by Diderot of the prospectus to herald the appearance
of the Encyclopédie.
et Céphise, heroic
pastoral in 3 acts, on a libretto by Marmontel. Performed on
18 November at the Académie Royale de Musique in occasion of the
birth the Duke of Burgundy.
La Guirlande ou Les Fleurs enchantées, opera-ballet in
one act, on a libretto by Marmontel, performed on 21 september
at the Académie Royale de Musique.
Revival of Les Indes Galantes,
in a production by Servandoni.
Rameau retakes and reworks his motet In
Marie-Louise, Rameau's second daughter, takes the veil at the
Visitandines' in Montargis. Rameau doesn't attend the ceremony.
on the Deaf and the Dumb.
Voltaire, Le Siècle de Louis XIV -Louis
Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Moral Understanding.
Publication of the first volume of the Encyclopaedia
& of the Discours préliminaire - Preliminary
Speech by d'Alembert.
enter the Querelle des Bouffons.
Daphnis et Eglé, ballet in one act.
Linus. This opera by Rameau was never performed. During
the rehearsals at the marquise de Villeroi's the score mysteriously
Foundation of a Leterary Society in Dijon, which Rameau is invited
edition of the Pièces en Concerts,
the address mentioned on the book is rue des Bons-Enfans where
Rameau stays till his death.
14 January : revival of
Omphale by Destouches, at the Académie
Royale de Musique. It is the starting point of the quarrel known
as Querelle des Bouffons (Quarrel of the Buffoons), in which the
Philosophers showed they determination in judging French opera
seria on the criteria of the Italian Opera Buffa.
17 January : Zoroastre, is performed
in Dresden in an Italian translation by Casanova.
Février : Melchior Grimm publishes his Letter
1st August : The Italian perform Pergolesi's La
Serva Padrona. It was not the first performance in France
but the previous one, six years before, had fallen flat.
D'Alembert, Elements de Musique théorique
et pratique selon les Principes de M. Rameau - Elements of theoreticcal
and practical music according to M. Rameau's Principles.
Rousseau, Le Devin de village. The
work is performed at the Court in Fontainebleau on 18 & 24
October, and at the Opera on 1st March 1753.
Quantz, Method for the Transversal Flute.
et Délie, pastoral.
Les Sybarites, ballet in one act on a libretto by
Marmontel. Performed at the Court in Fontainebleau on 13
Rameau breaks off with his sponsor La Pouplinière.
Rameau, Réflexions sur la manière de former
la voix - Reflections on the manner
to form the voivce.
Rameau, Reply to Euler.
Janvier : Grimm publie Le
Petit Prophète de Boemischbroda.
November : J.-J.Rousseau attacks Rameau, in his Letter
on French Music.
Diderot, De l'Interprétation de la Nature
- On the Interpretation of Nature.
Third volume of the Encyclopédie.
Dauvergne, Les Troqueurs.
Buffon, Discours sur le style - Speech
on the style.
publishes Observations sur notre instinct
pour la musique et sur ses principes - Observations on our instinct
for music and on its principles.
La naissance d'Osiris, ballet in one act.
ballet in one act called Anacreon was then given, which words
are by M. Cahusac and music by Rameau ; the opinions about
this work are divided ...
du duc de Luynes, Fontainebleau, 27 octobre 1754.
The performance of last Saturday was the second one of Anacréon ;
as this act was not successful for the musician and for the poet
as well, here is what one says : this is not Rameau anymore,
but this is still Cahusac.
du duc de Luynes, Dampierre, 30 octobre 1754.
Castor et Pollux is performed in a reworked version. It's
a fabulous success which temporarily puts an end to the Querelle
a success was equal to this one, for it had no detractors,
and because more than hundred performances couldn't diminish the
pleasure that whole Paris had in hearing that beautiful Opera,
which is appealing at the same time to the soul, to the
heart, and to the mind, to the eyes, to the ears and to the imagination".
Borde, Essai sur la musique.
histoique sur la danse - Historical treatise on Dance.
Tartini, Trattato di musica secondo la vera
Rousseau, Discours sur l'origine et les
bases de l'inégalité - Speech on the origins and bases
publishes Erreurs sur la musique dans
l'Encyclopédies - Mistakes about music in the Encyclopaedia.
publishes Suite des erreurs sur la musique
dans l'Encyclopédie - Continuation of the Mistakes about music
in the Encyclopaedia.
20 January : performance of Zoroastre,
in a widely modified version.
Beginning of the Seven-years War.
Birth of Mozart.
is added to Les Surprises de l'Amour.
Rameau publishes : Réponse de M. Rameau
à MM. les éditeurs de l'Encyclopédie sur leur dernier avertissement/M.
Rameau's reply to the publishers of the Encyclopaedia regarding
their ultimate acknowledgement (see text
The Royal Academy of Music, headed by
Rebel et Francœur, signs with Rameau an exclusive contract, with
appointments of 1500 pounds per year for the composer.
12 July : Revival of Les Sybarites
at the Royal Academy of Music.
In order to save money the great performances of Fontainebleu
Death of D. Scarlatti.
C.P.E. Bach, Essai sur la véritable manière
de toucher le clavecin.
composes music for a little comic opera (comédie mêlée de vaudevilles)
entitled Le Procureur dupé
- a private work. The music is lost.
de Dardanus. C'est un triomphe.
public lately, gave his (Rameau) talents their due
in a brilliant way ; it was in occasion of a performance of Dardanus.
They saw him in the amphitheatre ; they all turned toward
him and applauded him for a quarter of an hour ; after the Opera
ended, the applause followed him up to the Stairs ".
Année littéraire, 30 octobre, 1760.
submits to the Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna
a manuscript entitled Nouvelles Réflexions
sur le Principe sonore - New Reflections on the sound Principles.
He'll publishes it the year after with many alterations.
begins a correspondence with Padre Martini.
ed Aricia, italian version of Rameau's opera by Treatta.
The libretto was translated from the French one by the abbé Frugoni.
Traetta kept part of the original music. The work was performed
Death of Händel.
Rameau : Code de la Musique Pratique
ou méthode pour apprendre la musique même à des aveugles, pour
former la voix et l'oreille, pour la position de la main, avec
une mécanique des doigts sur le clavecin et l'orgue, pour l'accompagnement...
avec de nouvelles réflexions sur le principe sonore.
Rameau publishes Nouvelles réflexions
sur le principe sonore.
Rameau : Lettre à M. d'Alembert.
Rameau moves back to rue des Bons-Enfans.
sur la danse et sur les ballets.
Death of Georges II ; Georges III succeeds him.
is elected member of the Academy of Dijon.
Correspondence with d'Alembert.
Rousseau, La Nouvelle Héloïse.
publishes his Lettre aux Philosophes
- Letter to the Philosophers, in Journal de Trévoux.
a letter Padre Martini asks Rameau to help Goldoni who is settling
D'Alembert, Eléments de Musique théorique
et pratique suivant les principes de M. Rameau, éclaircis, développés
Rousseau, The Social Contract et
last work. It is reahearsed, on 25 April in Paris, in the scene
dock of the opera, rue Saint-Nicaize, and on 27 April in
Versailles, but for various reasons it was never performed in
10 February, Treaty of Peace
which ends the War of Seven Years.
6 April : In Paris, the Opera house in Paris is destroyed by fire.
Mozart arrives in Paris.
the beginning of the year Rameau is ennobled by the King,
and named Chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint-Michel (Knight of the
Order of Saint-Michael). He choses his arms : "azure
field with a silver colombe holding a golden olive branch (rameau)
in its beak ".
Rameau publishes Vérités également ignorées
et intéressantes tirées du sein de la nature.
Rameau dies on 12 September.
He is burried on 13, in Saint-Eustache church, in Paris.
Medal of the Order of Saint-Michel
Death of Marquise
Jean-Marie Leclair, violinist & composer dies in Paris.
Death of Locatelli in Amsterdam, & of Mattheson in Hambourg.
Opening of the new opera house of the Tuileries (salle des Machines,
set by Soufflot) with the revival of Castor
The opera is revived four more times until 1784, and still
with great success.
In October, Dardanus & Castor
et Pollux are performed at the court in Fontainebleau.
Gluck's first stay in Paris.
Voltaire publishes his Dictionnaire philosophique.
Dr Hugues Maret, Eloge
historique de M. Rameau, Dijon.
Zoroastre is performed
at the Opéra de Paris for the Opening of the new venue.
The 1756 version is performed, with cuts and parts added to the
score by Berton, the conductor.